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ABS : The Engineering Plastic

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by - 10/27/2015 2773 Views

The Plastic with a Great Scope

ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) is a low cost engineering plastic that is easy to machine and fabricate. ABS is an ideal material for structural applications when impact resistance, strength, and stiffness are required. It is widely used for machining pre-production proto types since it has excellent dimensional stability and is easy to paint and glue. Natural (beige) ABS and black ABS are FDA compliant for use in food processing applications. The following physical property information is based on typical values of the base acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resin.

ABS polymer was first discovered during World War II when its basis, SBR, was used for alternatives to rubber. Commercially acrylonitrile butadiene styrene polymers first became available in the early 1950s in an attempt to obtain the best properties of both polystyrene and styrene acrylonitrile.

ABS plastic is made out of oil-based resources and it has a much higher melting point. It is also stronger and harder. Because of these particular features, ABS is widely used for purposes ranging from car bumpers and motorcycle helmets to musical instruments, golfclubs and Lego.

Asia-Pacific Automotive Plastics Market has dominated the overall market share in terms of volume and revenue in 2013. The region accounts for 50% of the global consumption share and is expected to maintain steady growth at a fast pace during the forecast period. This growth is primarily driven by the huge demand for automobiles in emerging economies within the region.

Automotive Plastics have a lot of unique and useful properties such as toughness, durability, recyclability, thermal stability, resilience, resistance, design flexibility and light weight. They are primarily used in automobiles in the interior, exterior and engine components, to reduce the total weight of the vehicle and thus increase the fuel efficiency. It also improve aesthetics, reduce noise and vibrations, cabin insulations etc.

Among the different types of automotive plastics, polypropylene (PP) accounts for 35% of the global consumption, followed by polyurethanes (PU) (17%). Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are the other major plastics in great demand in automobile manufacturing. There is an increasing demand for biodegradable varieties such as Starch-based, PHA-, PLA-, PCL-, and PBS-based plastics.

(Source: Asia-Pacific Automotive Plastics Market - Segmented by Product, Application and Geography Trends and Forecasts 2015-2020)

US demand for engineering plastics will grow 2.6 percent per year to 5.1 billion pounds in 2019, valued at $11.2 billion. Advances will represent an acceleration from the meager growth of the recession plagued 2004-2014 decade. Increased demand for engineering plastics will be spurred by gains in consumer spending, construction activity, and manufacturing output. Additionally, engineering resins will benefit from penetration into both new applications, replacing traditional materials, and new technological advancements such as 3D printing.

While ABS, polycarbonate, and nylon will continue to be the three largest volume engineering plastics, comprising over 80 percent of the market through 2019, the fastest gains will be seen in smaller-volume specialty resins.

Category : Plastic

Tags : Plastic Scrap, ABS Plastic Trend, ABS Market price, ABS Plastic, ABS Plastic Trend, ABS Plastic Future


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About Georgy Abraham

As the bright morning of 28th May dawned in the year 1972, in the fulfillment of time according to the plan & will of Almighty Godbrought me forth into this world and I was brought up & educated in Orissa. My parents provided me with the best of education in an English medium school with high standa .... more info

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